Romantic art is a highly emotional school of art. Romantic art revels in the individual, subjective, irrational, imaginative, personal, spontaneous, emotional, visionary and transcendental. It rejects order, calm, harmony, balance, idealization and rationality. Romantic art shows a preference for exotic, mysterious, monstrous, diseased, occult and even satanic subject matter.
Following the Napoleonic Era, Francisco Goya painted a series of paintings on the walls of his home all of which portrayed terrible, fantastical, or morbid imagery. These paintings are now called the Black Paintings, referring to the mental state of Goya during this dark time in his life, due to illness, which made him deaf, as well the political strife in Spain.
How does Goya’s painting of Saturn illustrate the Romantic school in comparison to the ideals of the Enlightenment led by neoclassical artist David?